听力填空：2013年12月英语四级第二套听力填空题_When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate <input style="background:
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When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate
, they replied, "Because it is right."
If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants
skirts, or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get
and very uninformative answers: Because it´s right. "Because that´s the way it´s done." "Because it´s the
Or even "I don´t know."
The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are
by social norms-shared rules or guidelines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation.
how people "ought" to behave under particular circumstances in a particular society.
We conform(遵守)to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they
In fact,we are much more likely to notice
from norms than conformity to them.
You would not surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little
if they bowed, started to stroke you, or kissed you on both
Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world.
When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.
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